Wind Energy is the world’s fastest growing renewable energy source. The trend is expected to continue with falling costs of technology, energy security concerns and the need to address environmental issues. The UK is particularly suited to harnessing wind for electricity. It is the windiest area of Europe and is estimated to benefit from approximately 40% of Europe’s wind resource. The installed UK onshore wind capacity has surpassed 9,000MW in 2016 and continues to grow (Source: RenewableUK Wind Energy Database (UKWED)).
Benefits of Wind Energy:
- Wind is free and inexhaustible
- Electricity provision with no emissions
- Increasing the UK’s energy security by reducing the requirement for imported energy sources
- Protection against energy price inflation
- Mature, safe, reliable technology
- Minimal land take
- Financial support to rural landowners and local communities
- Significant infrastructure investment and job support
How it works:
Wind power has been used for centuries for different tasks and the UK has seen rapid growth in energy generation from commercial wind farms since the late 1980’s. Almost all wind turbines producing electricity consist of specialist designed, highly engineered blades which rotate around a horizontal hub. The hub is connected to a generator, housed in a nacelle, where the electricity is created. More wind means higher electricity production. The bigger the rotor diameter, the greater the output and the taller the tower, the higher the wind speeds.